Associations between early mother-child separation and indicators of early household instability were mixed. Mothers who experienced a separation from their child were more likely to have had an additional birth by 15 months post-enrollment than mothers who did not experience an early separation (19% versus 14%, p < .05). Mothers with an early separation were also less likely to implement regular sleep routines for their children (95% vs. 97%, p < .05). Finally, there was a trend for mothers who experienced a separation from their child to be more likely to have had a change in marital status (11% versus 7%, p < .10). However, there were no differences between mothers who experienced a separation and those who did not in terms of changes in cohabitation status, or in utilizing multiple caregiving arrangements.
Table 2 presents bivariate correlations among mother-child separation in the first 2 years of life, parenting behaviors at child age 3, and child outcomes at ages 3 and 5. Early mother-child separation was not associated with later parenting behaviors, but was related to child negativity (r =.06, p < .05) and aggression (r = .06, p < .05) at age 3, and to child aggression at age 5 (r = .06, p < .05). Separation was not associated with receptive vocabulary at either age 3 or 5. Correlations among maternal parenting behaviors at age 3 were small to moderate (|r|s of .12 to .44, p's < .001). Correlations among child outcomes ranged from small to large (|r|s of .01 to.60, p's < .01).
Note: Just like the indication regarding early breakup is actually dichotomous, its correlations with all parenting practices and you will guy outcomes, which happen to be constantly counted, are area-biserial correlations, while all others on the desk is Pearson correlations. All of the is interpreted similarly.
Multivariate Contacts ranging from Very early Mommy-Man Break up and later Parenting Behavior and you can Boy Outcomes
Building towards results of one’s bivariate analyses, several regression habits is actually tested to examine this new role from early separation www.datingranking.net/tr/wellhello-inceleme in the forecasting later maternal child-rearing behaviors and you may child outcomes. Earliest, early breakup was used to assume the 3 maternal parenting behaviors counted at son ages 3. 2nd, early breakup was utilized to predict the 3 guy outcomes measured at kid age step three and you will 5. History, a mediation model was checked in accordance with the results from the brand new earlier in the day a few designs. Most of the designs included maternal age, competition, degree, money, life arrangements, parity, child gender, program condition, and five signs off home imbalance due to the fact control. The numerous regression models was basically checked having fun with Mplus application (Muthen & Muthen, 2001) and accounted for forgotten research that have complete recommendations restriction probability (FIML) quote, ultimately causing a routine decide to try dimensions (N = dos,080) across the all analyses.
Table 3 presents the results of the first step in our analysis, in which maternal detachment, sensitivity, and warmth at child age 3 were regressed on early separation. None of these parenting behaviors was associated with early separation. Tables 4 and ? and5 5 present results of subsequent analyses, in which children’s aggression, negativity toward parent, and receptive vocabulary at ages 3 and 5 were regressed on early separation. Consistent with bivariate analyses, there were significant associations between early ;s aggressive behaviors at age 3 (?= .06, p < .05) and age 5 (?= .05, p < .05). Children who experienced a separation from their mother within the first two years of life exhibited significantly higher levels of aggressive behaviors at ages 3 and 5 than children who had not experienced an early separation. Additionally, early separation was related to child negativity at age 3 (?= .05, p < .05), but not at age 5. Children who experienced an early separation were observed to be more negative toward their mothers during play at age 3, but this effect was no longer evident by age 5. Children's receptive vocabulary at age 3 or age 5 was not associated with having experienced an early separation.